Teamwork : A Challenge of Arts Entrepreneurship
Teamwork: A Challenge of Arts Entrepreneurship
Posted on the ETA Blog. Written by Linda Essig on October 2nd, 2009
As I work with student arts entrepreneurs, I've found that one of the biggest challenges they face is putting together meaningful, appropriate, and supportive project teams. Why is it harder for an arts entrepreneur to do this than a traditional business-focused entrepreneur? I think the answer lies in the entrepreneur's motivation. The traditional entrepreneur is motivated (often, if not usually) by the bottom line desire to make money from their venture. The arts entrepreneur, especially the student arts entrepreneur, may very well be motivated by the desire to create opportunity for the production and dissemination of their art. As I implied last week, an artist may want to "hang on for dear life" to their work, making the inclusion of others appear to be a threat or a hindrance rather than a help.
As Walter Bennis points out in "Organizing Genius: The Secret of Creative Collaboration," "one is too small a number to produce greatness" (p. 3). At the end of the book, Bennis offers some "Take-Home Lessons," including "Greatness starts with great people" (p. 197). He goes on to define the need for great people to make up great groups. These are people who "have more than enormous talent and intelligence. They have original minds. They see things differently. They can spot the gaps in what we know....They see connections. Often they have specialized skills, combined with broad interests and multiple frames of reference. They tend to be deep generalists, not broad specialists. They are not so immersed in one discipline that they can't see solutions on another..." (p. 198).
The attributes Bennis lists are important to the formation of an effective arts entrepreneurship team. To cite just one example, a conductor starting a new community orchestra (as one of our p.a.v.e. students did) needs to assemble a team that includes not only musicians, but musicians with knowledge of community cultural development and a marketing manager who not only understands marketing but also has a deep knowledge of music. Fledgling arts entrepreneurs will need to learn to be open to input from their teams, because teams are smarter than individuals (see Bennis and also "The Wisdom of Crowds" by James Surowiecki). They need not "hang on for dear life" to one singular idea, but rather open their arms wide to embrace both the broad interests and specific skills of those smart and talented individuals they want on their teams.
The next challenge, then, is to locate appropriate team members and recruit them effectively. More on that next time!